Local/World Events
Local Events
World Events

1492
Columbus sailing under Spanish flag discovers New World
Leonardo da Vinci draws flying machine; Pope Alexander VI elected

1513
Ponce de Leon discovers Florida, claims land for Spain
Balboa discovers Pacific Ocean; Pope Leo X elected

1565
Pedro Menendez de Aviles founds the settlement of St. Augustine, celebration of first parish Mass in United States
Council of Trent ended two years earlier (1545 - 1563)

1566
First Jesuit missionaries in St. Augustine, first Jesuit martyr in United States
Sulieman I dies, succeeded by Selim II as Sultan of Turkey

1573
First Franciscan missionaries in St. Augustine
Work begun on Mexico City Cathedral (completed 1813)

1586
Sir Francis Drake raids St. Augustine
Rebuilding of St. John Lateran in Rome

1598
Nuestra Senora de la Soledad opened as first hospital in United States across from present-day Motherhouse of Sisters of St. Joseph
King Philip II of Spain dies, succeeded by Philip III

1605
Franciscans open seminary, first school in United States
Jamestown, Virginia, first English settlement, founded two years later; Pope Leo XI elected

1620
Settlement of St. Augustine celebrated 55th anniversary
English Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock

1650
Sisters of St. Joseph founded in Le Puy, France by Jean-Pierre Medaille, SJ
Harvard College granted charter

1670
Work begun on Castillo de San Marcos (completed 1696)
English settlement of Charles Town (Charleston, South Carolina) founded; Clement X elected

1674
First Catholic priests ordained in United States
John Milton, author of Paradise Lost, dies

1691
"O'Reilly House" built from same materials as Castillo de San Marcos
Massachusetts absorbs Plymouth Colony; Pope Innocent XII elected

1702
Governor James Moore of Carolina attacks St. Augustine, inhabitants seek refuge in Castillo de San Marcos, few buildings remain
French found settlement in Alabama

1725
Captain Lorenzo Josef de Leon assumes ownership of "O'Reilly House"
Spanish Steps of Rome completed (1721 - 1725)

1752
Michael (Miguel) O'Reilly born in County Longford, Ireland
Benjamin Franklin invents the lightning conductor

1763
Seven Years' War Ends: Spain cedes Florida to British in exchange for return of Cuba

2004 Sisters of St. Joseph, St. Augustine, Florida